Friday, 7 May 2010

Craft Preparation technique.


Picture of a fly {Calliphora vomitoria}.


This post is about craft preparation, I want to look at technique, it's influence on flight speed and momentum, craft design, maneuverability, and most importantly for rocket scientists, environment sustenance. For many years man has looked at the stars and wondered what it would be like to travel among them while looking at them at different alignments.




I believe that the next era of space planes, space capsules, landers, pods, rockets, jets and scram jets, ion engine and electric engines will be purpose built for the planetoids. Obviously as each surface has different ground area base pressure different thrust will be required for lift off. The lift off procedure for any vehicle is detrimental to it's centrifuge and fuselage and to some extent chassis. I believe that we are evolving towards an era that air craft will be built more aerodynamically based upon atmospherics, obviously wingspan is an indication of maneuverability, but, the air craft that we have built are not designed on aerosphere, and that is my consideration for the advancing knowledge of aviation and it's evolution into galactic flight.







Picture of hot air balloon].

http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/webprojects2003/hetherington/final/Hot_air_balloon_parts.html

villain picture]




The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) released a draft report today and is seeking input from the space community before finalizing its findings and recommendations. "National Security and the Commercial Space Sector" looks at the reliance of the national security space sector on commercial satellites and asks whether U.S. space policy should explicitly include commercial satellites in its "assured access to space" provisions.
http://csis.org/files/publication/100430_berteau_commercial_space.pdf


Landing on any surface will be useful for multi planet non surface runway or landing bay necessary visits, obviously that has huge implications for the space travelling options available. Government defence organisations have some serious thinking to do if the International traffic and arms regulations [I.T.A.R] have no option, but, to grant licenses to civilian space craft capable of multi platform landing. Truly the space monitoring around planets will be the emphasis of passenger galactic commuting which is why I hope the American testing of the x-37 is a testing of that particular scenario that is a testament to the necessary unification of Low earth orbit [LEO] space.
ms.marilyn.monroe picture]



Picture of the x-37b]

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/4585112/magnetic_motor_look/




WHICH IS WHY IT IS NECESSARY FOR THE ''UNITED FEDERATION OF PLANETS'' TO BE STARTED.


Canada has the right idea with the possibility of the great William Shatner becoming general of Canada.


Picture of William Shatner].


http://www.space.com/entertainment/william-shatner-canada-governor-100428.html


The senior citizen aircraft is an example of aviation initiative, specifically designed for purpose built transport.

Senior Citizen (C41-SR)

From the late 1980's, the Americans have been working on an advanced tactical transport aircraft. The requirement for this aircraft stems from the YMH-130H 'Credible Sport', a heavily modified C130 Hercules, that employed rocket assistance to give exceptional short-field performance, in one test taking off in under 10ft. The aircraft was developed in late 1980 in order to rescue the American hostages being held in the Iranian capital Tehran from 1979 to 1981, using a football stadium as an airfield. The hostages were released and the mission became unnecessary, but the requirement for a VSTOL transport aircraft remained.
Senior Citizen was developed by Northrop Grumman to meet this requirement, mainly due to it's work on the X-21 laminar flow research aircraft. The stealthy shape was developed during testing at Northrop's microwave testing facility in southern California and at the USAF's facility at Holloman AFB in New Mexico. The clipped diamond shape that was tested also appeared in the YF-23 ATF protoype.
Senior Citizen featues many advanced technologies:
Stealth - While Senior Citizen has a very low RCS, it is not in the same class as the B2 'Spirit' bomber. As it is required to operate at low levels, much attention has been paid to reducing engine noise, and infra-red emissions. Also, Senior Citizen employs visual stealth. At night, it has a pattern of three lights to disguise it's characteristic shape, while in daylight 'Yehudi' type lights are used to make it difficult to spot beyond 1.5 miles.
STOL Peformance - The C41-SR employs the enhanced 'Coanda' effect with an energised upper wing surface - also thought to have been used on the YF-23 - to give exceptional STOL performance.
Circulation Control - By using an arrangement of valves and ducts in the leading and trailing edges of the wing, air is accelerated over the wing, increasing lift and decreasing drag. This technique is also employed on the B2 and the YF-23.


Specification

Designation: C41-SR
Contractor: Northop Grummans Black Widow Group
Payload: 14 troops plus 5,000lb cargo
Range: 2,700nm
Speed: 375mph




Pictures of the Senior citizen]

I really think that this generation of engineers need to think about the type of aviator that is to be catered for, the emphasis of recent modern aeronautic engineering has been on the type of transport job whether that be passenger commuting or remote controlled unmanned vehicles [UV's]. I believe that the type of passenger and pilot will now be pivotal to the development of aviation engineering because of the type of space that will be travelled through, for instance, deep space aeronautics are yet to be tested on human flight. My own knowledge of spacial effects on performance tells me that different vessels will be suitable for different types of people, particularly showing the 'Star trek technology' of plasma shielding to be a necessity if a conformity of passenger travel is to be accomplished. Until then, I believe material and shape will decide human capability.


A plasma shield has multiple functions:

Shielding from radiation sickness activation

Shielding from alien invasion [foreign molecular genetics]

Protection from molecular waste build up [absorption of bacteria inside vessel]

Reading systems

a]life support

b]solar system management

c]atmospheric monitoring



[the character of a vessel]


[structural integrity]


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fc/Pentakisdodecahedron02.gif




It's really important to continually access the development of any modern aviation service...

http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2010/04/21/340846/piperjet-advances-to-next-stage.html



Short documentary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KRLR9jhP_DM&feature=topvideos


Picture of the skylon].



The skylon is an obvious choice for modern surface to surface/platform space capable aviation.

picture of Marilyn Monroe]



The Skylon spaceplane is designed to provide cheap, reliable transport into low earth orbit. It is intended to replace the inadequate launcher systems used today with a practical transport system which will permit a rapid expansion in the volume of traffic into space. Current launchers (expendable multistage rockets) are expensive (approx. $150m per flight), unreliable (approx 5% loss rate) and limited to a low launch rate.
To overcome these failings Skylon has the following characteristics:
Reusability
Reduced cost per flight by amortising vehicle production cost over several flights. Preliminary calculations indicate that 200 reuses is close to the economic optimum for a first generation spaceplane without incurring performance penalties to achieve a longer fatigue life.
Single Stage (SSTO)
Multistage vehicles are more costly to develop and have greatly increased operational costs compared with single stage vehicles. This is due to the Quality Assurance operations necessary to safely mate and fuel two vehicles, particularly if one of the vehicles is piloted.
Unpiloted
By employing onboard computers to handle flight control the need for a pilot is eliminated and the size of the mission control centre is reduced. Dispensing with the pilot reduces the vehicle development cost due to the relaxation of required safety standards during the development programme and also increases the payload fraction due to saving the pilot cabin mass and life support system etc. Although Skylon is unpiloted it would be capable of carrying passengers by fitting a dedicated module (containing seating and life support systems) into the payload bay.
Abort Capability
The vehicle is capable of flying to and safely landing at strategically placed abort sites with up to half its engines shut down in a similar manner to aircraft. All flight critical systems would feature redundant channels to contain single point failures.
User Friendly Operations
Simple ground handling (e.g. tractor towing the vehicle around the spaceport on its own undercarriage) and automated checkout procedures. Minimal maintenance in between flights achieved by robust TPS and reliable engines. Simple payload integration achieved through maximum use of containerised payloads dispensing with the requirement for "clean room" facilities and allowing for simple interfacing with other forms of terrestrial transport.
Reentry Crossrange
The low reentry wing loading results in a hypersonic L/D that is sufficient to pull substantial crossrange. This increases the number of opportunities that the vehicle can return to the launch site from an highly inclined orbit thus improving the operational flexibility of the system.
Environmental Impact Skylon employs environmentally friendly propellants ( hydrogen and oxygen) and being a single stage vehicle will not add to the orbital debris problem.


[skylon space plane]

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jh3VKGwALcc



Obviously while developing such effective avionics the new era of space plane with increasing speed capability will bring new effects to it's pilots, crew and passengers, as I have envisaged quantum dynamics released plasma strings connecting to outer space that will be responsible for space sickness and plasma abnormalities, the vessels aviation definity will have much to play in the next era of space travel. The obvious blood vessel problems being caused by atmospheric pressure causing deep vein thrombosis, is possibly an indication of conditions to come and possibly a new branch of science to explore ''travel orbit'' effects.


[choosing a new plane]
[CAUTIONARY SCIENCE PROGRESS WITH DUE CARE AND ATTENTION]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhabrot




Particular types of music could be the answer to spacial thermionics.

Carol Welsman / Master class

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8D7LD0RPGE&feature=related


picture of plasma ball showing integral velocity stress and contraflow adaptability]


[wing pattern, drag, and modern astronometric mapping]



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Snells_law_wavefronts.gif



F-15 vertical picture] probably the most successful international defence aircraft of the latter 20th century




picture of Werner Von braun and S-IC engines]

first space shuttle mission sts-1 picture]

picture of marilyn monroe...]





Obviously the shuttle orbiter, the replacement for the Saturn rockets and capsule were designed for location designation aviation, but, new space vessels will obviously bring adaptability to space exploration that will be saving vital funding expenses, but, planetary security will be a serious issue which prompts international co operation. Obviously the Ronald Reagan administration visualised the developing space infrastructure and spent significantly needed resource on the star wars platform.



picture of Ronald Reagan].


For now, we have another indication of how long newer technology is

away from total planetary security reform which is the extension of older legislature design.

H.R. 5147: Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2010 signed into Law





H.R. 5147: Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2010 was signed into law by President Obama on April 30, 2010. It becomes Public Law 111-161:

H.R.5147

One Hundred Eleventh Congress

of the

United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,

the fifth day of January, two thousand and ten

An Act

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend the funding and expenditure authority of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund, to amend title 49, United States Code, to extend authorizations for the airport improvement program, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the ‘Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2010’.

SEC. 2. EXTENSION OF TAXES FUNDING AIRPORT AND AIRWAY TRUST FUND.

(a) Fuel Taxes- Subparagraph (B) of section 4081(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking ‘April 30, 2010’ and inserting ‘July 3, 2010’.

(b) Ticket Taxes-

(1) PERSONS- Clause (ii) of section 4261(j)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking ‘April 30, 2010’ and inserting ‘July 3, 2010’.

(2) PROPERTY- Clause (ii) of section 4271(d)(1)(A) of such Code is amended by striking ‘April 30, 2010’ and inserting ‘July 3, 2010’.

(c) Effective Date- The amendments made by this section shall take effect on May 1, 2010.

SEC. 3. EXTENSION OF AIRPORT AND AIRWAY TRUST FUND EXPENDITURE AUTHORITY.

(a) In General- Paragraph (1) of section 9502(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended–

(1) by striking ‘May 1, 2010’ and inserting ‘July 4, 2010’; and

(2) by inserting ‘or the Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2010’ before the semicolon at the end of subparagraph (A).

(b) Conforming Amendment- Paragraph (2) of section 9502(e) of such Code is amended by striking ‘May 1, 2010’ and inserting ‘July 4, 2010’.

(c) Effective Date- The amendments made by this section shall take effect on May 1, 2010.

SEC. 4. EXTENSION OF AIRPORT IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

(a) Authorization of Appropriations-

(1) IN GENERAL- Section 48103(7) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘(7) $3,024,657,534 for the period beginning on October 1, 2009, and ending on July 3, 2010.’.

(2) AVAILABILITY OF AMOUNTS- Sums made available pursuant to the amendment made by paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.

(3) PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION- For purposes of calculating funding apportionments and meeting other requirements under sections 47114, 47115, 47116, and 47117 of title 49, United States Code, for the period beginning on October 1, 2009, and ending on July 3, 2010, the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall–

(A) first calculate funding apportionments on an annualized basis as if the total amount available under section 48103 of such title for fiscal year 2010 were $4,000,000,000; and

(B) then reduce by 17 percent–

(i) all funding apportionments calculated under subparagraph (A); and

(ii) amounts available pursuant to sections 47117(b) and 47117(f)(2) of such title.

(b) Project Grant Authority- Section 47104(c) of such title is amended by striking ‘April 30, 2010,’ and inserting ‘July 3, 2010,’.

SEC. 5. EXTENSION OF EXPIRING AUTHORITIES.

(a) Section 40117(l)(7) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking ‘May 1, 2010.’ and inserting ‘July 4, 2010.’.

(b) Section 44302(f)(1) of such title is amended–

(1) by striking ‘April 30, 2010,’ and inserting ‘July 3, 2010,’; and

(2) by striking ‘July 31, 2010,’ and inserting ‘September 30, 2010,’.

(c) Section 44303(b) of such title is amended by striking ‘July 31, 2010,’ and inserting ‘September 30, 2010,’.

(d) Section 47107(s)(3) of such title is amended by striking ‘May 1, 2010.’ and inserting ‘July 4, 2010.’.

(e) Section 47115(j) of such title is amended by striking ‘May 1, 2010,’ and inserting ‘July 4, 2010,’.

(f) Section 47141(f) of such title is amended by striking ‘April 30, 2010.’ and inserting ‘July 3, 2010.’.

(g) Section 49108 of such title is amended by striking ‘April 30, 2010,’ and inserting ‘July 3, 2010,’.

(h) Section 161 of the Vision 100–Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act (49 U.S.C. 47109 note) is amended by striking ‘May 1, 2010,’ and inserting ‘July 4, 2010,’.

(i) Section 186(d) of such Act (117 Stat. 2518) is amended by striking ‘May 1, 2010,’ and inserting ‘July 4, 2010,’.

(j) The amendments made by this section shall take effect on May 1, 2010.

SEC. 6. FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION OPERATIONS.

Section 106(k)(1)(F) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘(F) $7,070,158,159 for the period beginning on October 1, 2009, and ending on July 3, 2010.’.

SEC. 7. AIR NAVIGATION FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT.

Section 48101(a)(6) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘(6) $2,220,252,132 for the period beginning on October 1, 2009, and ending on July 3, 2010.’.

SEC. 8. RESEARCH, ENGINEERING, AND DEVELOPMENT.

Section 48102(a)(14) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘(14) $144,049,315 for the period beginning on October 1, 2009, and ending on July 3, 2010.’.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.



Truefully, the constellation programme was not sustainable with private firms introducing new ideas of aviation landing and take off techniques.



http://www.keezmovies.com/video/anal-blonde-fuck-433249


http://www.keezmovies.com/video/perfect-delta-taking-a-long-shaft-432162





Picture of marilyn monroe with aeroplane]